"The youth of the 1960s developed two somewhat overlapping but ultimately distinct social movements. The first grew out of the struggles for civil rights in the Deep South and the Free Speech Movement and became known as the New Left. It’s members registered formerly disenfranchised voters, formed new political parties, and led years of protests against the Vietnam War. The second bubbled up out of a wide variety of Cold War-era cultural springs, including Beat poetry and fiction, Zen Buddhism, action painting, and, by the mid-1960s, encounters with psychedelic drugs. If the New Left turned outward, toward political action, this wing turned inward, toward questions of consciousness and interpersonal intimacy, and toward small-scale tools such as LSD and rock music as ways to enhance both. By the end of the decade, as youth everywhere adopted its drug habits and it’s sartorial styles, this branch of youth movement, and ultimately youthful protestors as a whole, came to commonly be called "the counterculture." "